Behavioral Patterns of Mental Illness

Behavioral Patterns of Mental Illness

1.Waxy Flexibility- maintenance of posture or position over time even when it is awkward or uncomfortable.

2.Word Salad-is the combination of jumbled words and phrases that are disconnected or incoherent and make no sense to the listener

3.Flight of Ideas- excessive amount and rate of speech composed of fragmented or unrelated ideas

4.Neologism- are words invented by the client

5.Circumstantiality- Citing excessively minute details which distract from the central theme of a conversation.

6.Blocking- stopping abruptly in the middle of a sentence

7.Hallucination- any of numerous sensations, auditory, visual, or tactile experienced without external stimulus

8.Delusion- fixed, false beliefs with no basis in reality

9.Illusion- A distorted perception of reality; unlike delusions, illusions are generally shared by most people, as in a 3D “hidden picture” puzzle.

10.Tics- sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor or vocalization

11.Clang Association-are ideas that are related to one another based on sound or anything rather than the meaning

12.Mutism- characterized by persistent failure to speak in social situations where speaking is expected

13.Anergia- lack of energy

14.Anhedonia- losing any sense of pleasure from enjoying the activities formerly enjoyed

15.Irritability- Being susceptible of the client of becoming angry or impatient

16.Verbigeration- the stereotyped repetition of words or phrases that may or may not have meaning to the listener

17.Perseveration- the persistent adherence to a single idea or topic and verbal repetition of a sentence, phrase, or word, even when another person attempts to change the topic

18.Ideas of Reference- client’s inaccurate interpretation that general events are personally directed to him or her such as hearing a speech on the news and believing the message had personal meaning

19.Obsession- recurrent , persistent , intrusive, and unwanted thoughts, images, or impulses that cause marked anxiety and interfere with the interpersonal, social, or occupational function

20.Compulsion- ritualistic or repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person carries out continuously in an attempt to neutralize anxiety

21.Echolalia- repetition and imitation of what someone else says

22.Echopraxia- imitation of the movements and gestures of the client of someone whon he or she is observing

23.Punning- rare condition is characterized as a set of neurological symptoms resulting in an uncontrollable tendency to tell puns, inappropriate jokes, and/or pointless or irrelevant stories at inappropriate times.

24.Euphoria- an exaggerated buoyancy and sense of bodily health

25.Elation- exalted feeling from either pride or joy

26.Disorientation-Losing appreciation or consciousness on time, place, and persons that the client is dealing with

27.Paranoid- involve the client’s belief that others are planning to harm the client or are spying

28.Depersonalization- a harmless, but often very troubling, mental state characterized by a disruption in one’s self-perception and awareness.

29.Avolition – the decrease in the motivation to initiate and perform self-directed purposeful activities.

30.Alogia- lack of any real meaning or substance in what the client says

31.Religiosity- a comprehensive sociological term used to refer to the involvement, interest or participation in numerous aspects of religious activity, dedication, and belief.

32.Flat Affect- showing no facial expression

33.Blunted Affect- showing little or slow-to-respond facial expression

34.Inappropriate Affect- displaying a facial expression that is incongruent with mood or situation

35.Labile Affect- exhibition of unpredictable and rapid mood swings from depressed and crying to euphoria with no apparent stimuli

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